Lin Fung Temple along with the two other temples, A-Ma Temple and Kun lam Temple are the three most popular temples of Macau. Lin Fung Temple was built during the Ming Dynasty in the period of 1368 to 1644 and originally known as Tianfei Temple. The current architectural design of the building is the result of many constructions undertaken from the Qing Dynasty.
The whole complex is consisting of a cluster of palaces. Tianhou Palace is the centre of the complex and is dedicated to Kwan-yin. The Palace of Emperor Wu is located to the left and the Renshou Palace or the Palace of Benevolence and Longevity is located in the right of the Tianhou Palace. Shennong Palace, Yiling Palace, Doumu Palace and Juyong Palace are also parts of the complex.
Lin Fung Temple
There is a spacious square in the front of the Lin Fung Temple which is surrounded by stone enclosures. Various ancient tree with thick leaves grow in the square. There is a small garden having pavilions, grass and flower behind the temple. In addition to this, there is a lotus pond in the temple itself. During the summer time, the pond is flourished with fragrant flowers and green leaves. Behind the lotus pond, there is a screen which is decorated with the giant cyprinoids and writhing dragons.
The Temple of Lin Fung is worth visiting because of the Lin Zexu, the national hero and the arrivals of Chinese mandarins. In the year 1839, Lin Xexu stayed in this temple and interviewed the officials of Macau and Portugal. It was this place where he had prohibited the opium trade completely. In commemoration, a stone of Lin Zexu stand there which is about three meters or ten feet in height. The Memorial Hall of Lin Zexu was established in November 1997, next to the Tianhou Palace for praising his nobility and loyalty.
Lin Fung Temple
The Portuguese began settling and trading in the southwest part of the Macau peninsula in the middle of 16th century. As a sub-sequence, Macau developed into an important port in China open to outside world before the 19th century and an important port in Asia.
Having its prosperity in the international trade, it attracted many people for settling here from different countries of the world. These people in turn brought different social customs, cultures and regions to this area and they built houses, streets, fort and churches. This area is the core part of what is now known as Historic Center of Macau.
Historic Centre macau
These People at the same time introduced the culture, religion and social customs to the Chinese people. Macau was the window through which the foreign countries get to know about China. Since then the Macau has become the place where China meets the cultures of the western world.
Macau has been the place where the cultures from East and West exchanges for over 400 years. You can find the best preserved and oldest western style buildings having different architectural styles emerging after the Renaissance from the neo-classical to Baroque. You can also find many western religious buildings exhibiting various features of different religions. The architecture of these buildings absorbed the cultures of China and India and added the characteristics into these buildings. You can also find the murals in the Guia Chapel painted in Chinese styles. The residential buildings and temples make the architectural style of the Historic Center diverse. Till date, the people of this area have their own habits and believe. They also continued to have their own traditions and celebrations which combine the western and Chinese elements and cultures.
You can find much Portuguese non-religious architecture, some Chinese residential, some churches and religious buildings and streets and squares connecting them. There are various buildings, walls, forts, churches and temples. The Historic Center of Macau provides a proof of the exchange of western culture, religious influence and architecture between East and West. Is unique value has made it listed in the World Cultural and Natural Heritage site in the year 2005.
Macau Tower is one of the important landmarks of Macau. It was designed by the famous architecture of New Zealand, Gordon Moller. Its construction finished in December, 2001 at the 2nd year anniversary of return of Macau. This tower was the eight highest towers in Asia and tenth highest tower of the world in the year of its completion. Macau Tower is also the member of the World Federation of Great Towers. Macau tower attracts about 1 million people in a year.
Macau Tower is about 338 meters or 1,100 feet above the ground. The Outdoor Observation Deck on Level61 is the highest observation level having a height of about 732 feet or 223 meters. You can get the panoramic view of the Peal River Delta, Taipa, Coloane Islands and Macau Peninsula while walking around the Observation Deck. The Observation lounge is on Level58. This is the fascinating place for seeing the sunset in the morning or the spectacular night view of Macau. You can see East and West Mangyang Hill, Casino Lisboa and outlying islands of Hong Kong in sunny days on looking down.
You can stand at a height of 100 meters or climb up to the top of the tower. You will be at the highest point of Macau at that time and it will be a special memory for you when you will be seeing at Macau in a completely different scene. You can also have Bungee Jump although you have played it several times but this one will be the highest in the world. By jumping up and down for about 223 meters you have the chance for renewing the Guinness record. You can also walk on the out rim which is 223 meters above the ground and having no hand rail which is another experience on the Macau Tower. The conference center on this tower has all the facilities like seminar, art performance, private occasions or meetings. It is also equipped with Theater, auditorium and banquet hall.
Monte Fort is also referred to as Fortaleza do Monte or Mount Fortress and it is the historical military center of Macau. It lies to the east of the Ruins of St. Paul’s and originally belonged to the St. Paul’s Church. It used to defend the church from the Pirates. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, also a part of “Historic Center of Macau”. It was originally built in 16th century by the Jesuits and is one of the oldest forts.
This fort was the principal military defense structure of city and crucial in successfully holding of the attempt of Dutch invasion in Macao in the year 1622. This fortress was equipped with military barracks, cannons, well and arsenal holding sufficient supplies and ammunition for enduring a siege lasting up to two years. It is build on the Mount Hill which is about 52 meters above the sea level.
Monte Fort covers an area of about eight thousand square meters and in the shape of trapezoid. Its four corners protrude to form the bulwarks. The south-eastern, south-western and north eastern walls are built on about 4 meter wide granite bases. These walls are made up of solid rammed earth and strengthened further by thick stucco of ground oyster shells. These walls face the Chinese Mainland do not have any battlement which indicates that this fortress was build only for the defense against the attacks from the sea side. This design inspired the authorities of Southern China to start building the similar kind of fortresses for defending their extensive coastline.
You can get the spectacular panoramic view of the city by visiting this old fort. There is a tree covered park which offers a nice place for sitting and resting to enjoy the views. The Museum of Macau or the Museu de Macau was built on this hill in the 1990s.
The Ruins of St Paul’s is also known as Sam Ba Sing Tzik and stands adjacent to the famous Macau Museum and Mount Fortress. The grand stone stairs and the front façade are only remains of the greatest church in Macau.
St. Paul’s Church was constructed in the year 1580 and caught fire in the year 1595 and 1601. However, the construction again started soon after this church was burnt down in the year 1602. After its completion in 1637, it became the biggest Catholic Church of East Asia at that time. But, unfortunately due to a violent typhoon hitting Macau in 1835 the church caught fire for the third time and left its glory a history. According to the historic materials, this church was build with the white stones and had grand vaulted roofs. It also had three beautifully decorated halls.
Ruins of St. Paul’s
Sam Ba Sing Tzik was built using granites and has baroque façade which are rich in ornamentation having classic oriental characteristics. This structure has five tiers from bottom up. The first tire is made up of tem Ionic columns having three entrances. The entrance in the middle has MATER DEI carved into it. The two entrances on each of its side are decorated using bas-reliefs in the pattern of ‘HIS’. The second tire is featuring ten Corinthian columns having three windows. A Catholic Saint is enshrined in four tabernacles between the columns. The tow tier is said to represent the activities of missionaries and the Society of Jesus.
The other three tiers are most decorated. The Statue of Madonna is standing in the middle of the third tire and the statue of Jesus stands on the fourth. The walls are fully covered with bas-reliefs having various patterns like angles, devils, a Portuguese sailing ship, symbols of crucifixion, etc. The Triangular combination of upper three tires reflects Holy Trinity and the Blessed Virgin Mary. There is a cross standing at the coping of the Wall.
Ruins of St. Paul’s
The Ruins of St. Paul’s have been stored during the year 1990 and 1995. One Museum that is Museum of Sacred Art and Crypt was also build during that time. It exhibits some religion artworks like sculptures, paintings and statues.
Thousand Islets Lake
Located in the Chunan County of Hangzhou city, the Thousand Islets Lake is a AAAAA level scenic area in China and one of the only two thousand islets in the world( the other one in Canada with more than 1800 islets). Covering an area of about 567 square kilometers, the Thousand Islets Lake features stretching mountains and luxuriant forests with its greening rate 100% and glittering and clear water whose visibility can reach 12 meters, and it is honored as the “No. 1 Water under the Haven.”
The Thousand Islets Lake is characterized by deep water, whose average depth is 34 meters and the deepest is 108 meters, and there are 1078 islets on the lake, showing as the branches of the type for the travelers.
Thousand Islets Lake
There are a plenty of scenery resources in the Thousand Lake with rich type, excellent quality and wide distribution. You will see the vast green waves and clear waters in front of you when standing there. You can also view different appearance of the Thousand Lake and deep and serene harbour as all islets in the lake, no matter big or small, are featured various shapes and the distribution of the islands are set in order though there are sparse and dense. You will see the lake surface wide, profound and expanse as the sea surface in the sparse islands, whose harbour are deep and various and scenery are bright and colorful. Besides, you will also find the luxuriant forests and various animals and spectacular scenery there. Moreover, the geomorphologic landscape are also abundant. There including limestone, Danxia landform, thin layers of limestone, granite and so on, which make the creek valley and the pungam add radiance and beauty to each other.
Thousand Islets Lake
Travel information: 1) Opening time: 8:00 a.m.—16:30 p.m. 2) Ticket price: 150 RMB / adult in the peak season and 120 RMB /adult in the slack season. 3) Duration suggestion : 1-2 days. 4) Best time to visit: September – November. 5) Ways to go there: take the bus through the 320 national highway from Hangzhou to the Chunan County with 2.5 drive.
The West Lake, located in Hangzhou of Zhejiang province, is one of the romantic place for travelers especially those lovers to visit and have a date. It is a famous scenic spot for travelers from home and aboard for its beautiful lakes and mountains and a plenty of places of interest and enjoys the reputation of “ Human Paradise”. Being a AAAAA level national key scenic spot and one of the top ten scenic spots in China and even one of a handful of free open to the public scenic spot, the West Lake possesses its unique charm of Jiangnan style and a large number of outstanding cultural landscape for its historical sedimentary deposits of thousand years, which deserves being listed in the World Cultural Heritage. It plays an important and special role in the scenic spots of China as its landscape “ Three Pools Mirroring the Moon” has been printed in the back of the one Yuan RMB.
The West Lake is a cultural relics and historic sites with beautiful elegant beauty of lakes and mountains and bright abundant aggregate, it is also a national scenic area combination of the culture and art. Covering an area of 60 square kilometers and among which 5.68 kilometers for lake surface, the West Lake sets itself as the center and its three sides are surrounded by cloud mountains with schemes in water. It is a great place featuring green mountains, painting bridges, smoke willows, cloud trees and steamed yarns, which are meandering among the hills, from where you can appreciate the beautiful spring and forest and the deep and serene stream. There are more than 90 parks and scenic spots with unique feature to decorate the West Lake into a colorful garland, making its spring, summer, autumn and winter characterized by particular scenery. Walking under the beautiful sunset while holding hands with your lovers along the West Lake, and breathing the taste form the human paradise, how wonderful and fantastic it will be!
Travel information：1) Opening time: all day; 2) Ticket price: free; 3) Duration: 3 hours; 4) Ways to go there: take the K300/K210/K211 from the south railway station to the city railway station terminus; 5) Best time to go there: spring time during March to May; September and October of Autumn time; 6) Special activities in West Lake: Rhododendron Festival from 20th April to 20th May in ManLongGuiYu Park; Lotus Festival during July and August; Sweet Osmanthus Festival from late September to early October; The International Osmanthus Festival from 16th September to 31st October; The International Fireworks Conference in the middle October.
The Master-of-Nets Garden
The Master-of-Nets Garden, a representative of the middle size classical water home garden in Suzhou featuring artistic characteristics and cultural value is built in 1174, and it is the national key relics protection unit and the world culture heritage.
Covering an area of about 10 hectares, among which the garden and forest 8 hectares and inner garden 5 hectares, the Master-of-Nets Garden is an ideal choice for you to have a visit as you can experience the plain and neat elegant breath, quiet and beautiful atmosphere here. The total area is less than 1/6 of that of The Humble Administrator’s Garden, but you will view the clear and rigorous distribution of it as there are gardens inside gardens and scenery outside scenery, exquisite, deep and quiet. Though there are a plenty of architectures there, you won’t feel crowded, and the mountain pools are small, you will also not have the feeling of narrow. The exquisite overall arrangement, the compact construction, and the coordinate space scale ratio of the Master-of-Nets Garden make it famous and a best place worthy your visit.
The Master-of-Nets Garden
The Master-of-Nets Garden is divided into three parts: east part which is residences, middle part which is main garden and the west part which is inner garden. When visiting here, you can appreciate the pretty mould of those architectures, small and exquisite, especially those small, low and penetrating pavilions around the pool. Being pure and fresh and appealing, the Master-of-Nets Garden is a famous and successful scenic spots for its outstanding theme, compact layout, dedicated elegance and artistic effect.
Information for travel: 1) Opening time: 8:00a.m.-17:00p.m. and 17:00 p.m.-22:00 p.m. 2) Ticket price: 20 RMB/adult in the slack season and 30 RMB/adult in the peak season. 3) Best time to visit: Spring time as all plant are waking up at that time. 4) Suggestion duration: 2 hours. 5) Ways to go there: Take the city buses No. 2, 202 and 529.
Lion Grove Garden, with a history of more than 650 years, is one of the four famous gardens in Suzhou. Located in the northeast of the downtown in Suzhou, the Lion Grove Garden covers an area of 1.1 hectares, of which 0.88 hectare is for opening area. It was listed as the relics protection unit in Suzhou in 1982.
Lion Grove Garden
The Lion Grove Garden is characterized by all kinds of cultural landscape including classic garden pavilions, platforms, towers, halls and corridors. It is also famous for lakes, mountains, strange stones and deep cave gully. It even has been honored as the “Rockery Kingdom.”
Lion Grove Garden
The artificial hills in the Lion Grove Garden are undulate for their peaks and the momentum are strong and grand. They look dainty and exquisite. There are 9 paths for the rockery group and 21 cave entrances, whose lateral part are winding and vertical side ups and downs. When you pass through the caves, you will feel it hovers right and left and get to the peak at this moment and the next munite will go to the valley bottom—so challenging. You will have great fun there.
Lion Grove Garden
Walking in the Lion Grove Garden, appreciating the unique architectures, the bamboo in the forest, the strange stones under the bamboo which look like the lions, you will have a relaxable mood when climbing the artificial hill here.
Travel information: 1) Ticket price: 30 RMB/adult in peak season from 16th April-30th October and 20 RMB/adult in slack season from 31st October -15th April. 2) Opening time: 9:00 a.m.-17:00 p.m. 3) Duration: 1-2 hours. 4) Best time to go there: Spring time. 5) How to get there: type one: take the No.5 or No.2 city bus from bus station or railway station and get off in the Lion Grove Garden stop; type two: take the No.1, 101, 102 public buses in the south railway station stop to the Guanqian Street and then change to the No.3 or No.5 bus to the Lion Grove Garden. 6) Delicious food nearby: Guanqian Street just 20 minutes walk away.
Lingering Garden, located in the Jiangnan ancient town Suzhou, is a famous Chinese classical garden for its exquisite arrangement of the inner garden construction and numerous astonishing stone. Together with Suzhou Humble Administrator’s Garden, Chengde Summer Resort and Beijing Sumer Palace, they are named “the Four Famous Gardens in China”. The Lingering Garden was listed as one of the national key relics protection units in 1961, and the World Cultural Heritage in 1997, and even AAAAA level scenic spots in 2001 together with the Humble Administrator’s Garden and Tiger Hill in Suzhou.
The Lingering Garden is divided into four parts, where you can experience four kinds of different scenery of mountain and water, fields and gardens, mountain forest and courtyards. Its middle part is decorated with the water view which is the essence of the whole garden. Its east part, however, will attract your attention by its winding yards and corridors, where you can view several pavilions, and there are three rocky crags standing in the back of the water pool in the yard, among which the middle one is called the Guanyun Capped Peak, others called the Ruiyun Capped Peak and Xiuyun Capped Peak. Its north part is characterized by the countryside scenery and new built bonsai garden. Its west part is the highest among the whole garden, where you will enjoy the wild field fun, spectacular artificial hills, reciprocally separated stones and earth, which look so natural.
When you have a travel here, you will find the constructions of the gardens divide it into several sections, and there are various types of windows for each building, and each window is different which can connect with the view from other windows so as to enable you to have a birds’ eyes view of all pictutes consisting of mountain, water, flower and trees when you are enjoying the scenery from the indoor windows.
Travel tips: 1) Opening time: 7:30a.m.-17:00p.m. 2)Ticket price: 40RMB/adult in the peak season from 16th April to 30th October and 30 RMB/adult in the slack season from 31st October to 15th April. 3) Best time to visit: Spring time when you will appreciate the scroll painting of the poetic scenery there. 4) Suggestion for visiting duration: 3 hours.