Wuzhen, being an AAAAA level attraction in China, is one of the six ancient towns in Jiangnan area with a history of more than six thousand years. It is a typical water ancient town enjoying the reputation of “ Land of fish and rice, the mansion of silk.”It has been listed as the historical ans cultural famous town in Zhejiang province in 1991 and this ancient town started its protection and tourism development project in 1999.
Ancient Village Wuzhen
Featuring more than 2,000 years vicissitudes, the Wuzhen ancient town still maintains its original style and pattern intactly, whose woodcarving and stone carving craft of the girder, pillar, door and window are exquisite. The local residents still live in the old house there. The whole town makes its street by the river as the bridges and streets connect with each other and the houses are built along the river. If you have a visit there, you can view the bridge, the running water and local residence, stone road, antique wooden house, the smell of clear water, which is a kind of fantastic temperament and interest and a beauty atmosphere.
Ancient Village Wuzhen
Wuzhen ancient town is a great place worthy your visit as it has enjoyed so many reputations: AAAAA level scenic spot; one of the six water ancient towns in Jiangnan area; Outstanding achievement award of the Asia-pacific region protection in 2003; China’s top ten ancient town; China’s one of the ten most beautiful towns and villages; China’s top ten historical and cultural town; European tourists favorite Chinese scenic spots; Top ten leisure tourism scenic area in Jiaxing city; The first PATA gold prize in mainland China; CCTV China’s top ten charming famous town in 2005; Zhejiang province intangible cultural heritage tourism classic scenic spot.
Ancient Village Wuzhen
Travel information: 1) Opening time: 8:00 a.m. -17:30 p.m. in summer time and 8:00 a.m. -17:00 p.m. in winter time; 2) Ticket price: 150 RMB/ adult ( one day tour including the Wuzhen ancient town and Leifeng Pagod); 3) Duration suggestion: 2 days; 4) Best time to visit: Spring time and autumn time; 5) There are free bus in both Dong Zha and Xi Zha during 8:00 a.m. to 16:30 p.m. 6) Outdoor Movies in the Xi Zha is free for visitors to see.
Six Harmonies Pagoda
The Six Harmonies Pagoda is the best place to view the tide and it is built to deal with the Qiantang tide by Wuyue emperor in the North Song Dynasty. The Six Harmonies Pagoda features seven sides and eight floors with the height of 59.89 meters. It looks so magnificent and grand and you can have a birds’ eyes view of the Qiantang scenery when overlooking from the Six Harmonies Pagoda. There is a new Chinese pagoda garden near the Six Harmonies Pagoda. Entering into it, you will see more than one hundred ancient pagodas there from every dynasty and every region, concentratedly showing the essence of the Chinese pagoda culture.
Six Harmonies Pagoda
The appearance of the Six Harmonies Pagoda looks generous and promising and it has been described as admiral by many people. You can view the spectacular Qiantang River Bridge, the steaming sails, verdant hills and the wide river surface of the Qiantang River from the Six Harmonies Pagoda, which feast your eyes on all of them. When visiting its third floor, you will see a lot of various graphic patterns graved inside it, including birds, animals, flowers and immortals, which are characterized by meticulous sculpture, exquisite conception, marvelous structure, and it is the masterpiece of the ancient architectural art in China. It has also been listed as the national key relics protection unit in the year of 1961. It is a wonderful place for you to have a visit and a place worthy your visit during your Hangzhou tour.
Travel tips: 1) Opening time: 06:30 a.m.-17:30 p.m. 2) Ways to go there: take the No. 2, K4, 308, 504, and 5 to the Six Harmonies Pagoda stop; 3) Ticket price: 20 RMB/adult; 4) Duration suggestion: 2 hours; 5) Attractions nearby: Impression West Lake, Lingshan Cave area of the West Lake, Song Dynasty Town , the Thousand Islets Lakes; 6) Best time to visit: September when you can view one line of the Qian River on the Six Harmonies Pagoda.
Being one of the six ancient water town in Jiangnan area, the Xitang water town is located in the Jiashan County, the junction site of Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang province. With 10 kilometers aways from the Jiashan city center, the Xitang has a population of 86,000 and covers an area of 83.61 square kilometers, of which the ancient town area is 1.04 square kilometers. It is a AAAA scenic spot with a history of about one thousand year and has been listed in the tentative list of the World Historical Cultural Heritage in 2001 by the the United Nations.
Xitang Water Town
With a long history, abundant human resource, beautiful natural scenery, the Xitang ancient town is one of the birthplace of the Wuyuan Culture. It has developed as a prosperous and populous town in the Ming dynasty for the land of rice and fish, and the economic foundation and the convenience of the channel of the silk mansion.
Xitang Water Town
The nine riverways interweaves there to divide the ancient town into eight parts, among which 27 old bridges connect the city with town together. There are also many old house yards there, which are the crystallization of becoming rich for the ancestors at that time. As Xitang water town made the waterway as their main passage then to avoid the external harassment, it remain perfect appearance until now so that the ancestral heritage can continue.
Xitang Water Town
What makes the Xitang greatly different from other water towns is that The biggest diffidence of the streets of the Lin River of the ancient town have corridor sheds, which total near one thousand meter and look like the long corridor of the Summer Palace. Traveling there, you won’t get wet in the rainy days and won’t bask in the sunny days.
Travel tips: 1) Ticket price: 100 RMB/adult; 2) Opening time: 24 hours; 3) Suggestion duration: 2 days; 4) Best time to visit: April when the cuckoo flower is blossoming and the temperature is comfortable; 5) Stay one night there as the biggest characteristic is the morning time and nightfall time and evening time there; 6) Do remember to take the mosquito repel with you in summer and some other sunscreen.
Barra temple is also known as Juehai Temple, Tianhou Temple and Zhongjue Buddhist Temple. It is dedicated to Ma Zu which was a fortune teller in Putian of Fujian Province during the Song Dynasty. Since the Childhood, Ma Zu showed the talent for the forecasting of Future. When she grew up, she became a nun. But unfortunately, at the age of only 28 years, she died.
It is a legend that after the death of Ma ZU, her spirit has helped merchants and fisherman to head off the danger rolling in the sea. That is why, the local fishermaen of Fujian constructed what is now known as Barra Temple in her commemoration. Ma Zu was also granted the honorific of Queen of the Heaven and later she became the Sea Goddess during the Qing Dynasty. The transom of front gate of the Barra Temple is engraved in golden characters the name of this temple-“Barra Temple”. The two side of the gate couplets are respectively “Benefiting all Human beings” and “Boundless Humanity and Generosity”. This temple is composed of the stone hall, audience Hall, Buddhist Pavilion, Hongren Hall in the traditional temple style of Buddhist. The Barra Temple and the history of Macau are very much closely related to each other.
The Barra Temple also enjoys a good status among the Macanese and it is visited by the worshippers from all field every day. On the 23rd March, in the Chinese Lunar calendar, it is believed to be the birthday of Ma ZU and grand celebration as well as a lot of religious activities occurs at that time.
The name of Macao which is known as Macau in Portuguese also comes from the translation of Ma Zu by the Cantonese to Ma Jiao. The Barra Temple is also incorporated in the design of the Macao Dollar which reflects its special status.
Macau maritime Museum is built on that site where the first group of the Portuguese explorers landed on Macau in the year 1553. It occupies an area of about 800 square meters. It was enlarged in the year 1990 and this museum follows the typical layout of museum of European style. The exhibits explore the major themes on the history of the maritime industry in Macau, Portugal and China.
Macau Maritime Museum
The main building of Macau Maritime Museum is three-storey white building which is architecture in the shape of a boat in a full sail. Big windows of glass providing an illusion of the observation tower of a boat. This museum building from a distance appears like a majestic boat which is anchoring at the tranquil port.
This museum has been divided into five sections. There are exhibits on the first floor portraying the techniques and traditions of the fishermen in Macau. These exhibits include the displaying of fishing techniques, fishing boat models and costumes. On the second floor, the exhibits survey the history of the geographical discoveries and Portuguese explorations. While the top floor of this house exhibits the marine transport and technology, navigation and dredging. The exhibits also includes the Guia Lighthouse which was the first lighthouse of China, various types of ropes, three-dimensional model of Macau and the variety of boat models.
Macau Maritime Museum
The Aquarium Gallery of this museum has four tanks and each is devoted to a different theme of sub-water world. The first among these represent the fresh water river bed, second one a harbor and the third one a coral reef. The last tank features the sunken boat’s scenes in the deep sea.
There is a square outside this museum which you should not miss. From there you can get the scenery of the river bank as well as that of the busy harbor. Sail boats are also available for you if you wish to sail in the sea.
Kun Iam temple is one of the magnificent and more impressive temples of the Macau and the other two being A-Ma Temple and Lin Fung Temple or Lotus Temple. It has history which takes us back to as early as the year 1632 in the Ming dynasty. It has many similarities with that of the ancient Chinese temples. This temple is also famous as it was the site where the first Sino American Treaty was signed in the year 1844.
Kun Iam Temple
Kun Iam Temple has mainly three shrines suited one behind the other. It also consists of the Hall of Sakyamuni, one Hall of Buddha of Longevity and Kum Iam hall having many small shrines around these three main halls. The Hall of Sakyamuni faces the gate of the Buddhist monastery and is dedicated with the three gilded statues. The statue of Sakyamuni sits in the middle. There is a bronze bell which is more than 300 years old hanging besides the hall. The Longevity hall is adorned by the Buddha of Longevity. Mild and serene, this statue is the symbol of purpose of Buddha for delivering all living creatures form torment. Kun Iam hall is the significant hall of the temple. Kun Iam is arrayed in embroidered silk and in crown it is flanked by eighteen Buddhas. It is said that one of them is to be carved in the image of Marco Polo who has studied Buddhism in this temple.
Kun Iam Temple
There are terraced garden at the back of this temple. The first Sino-American treaty Wogn Ha or Wangxia Treaty was signed on one of the stone desks here. In addition to this, there are many calligraphic works here. You can also find some cultural relics which were brought together in this temple. This well decorated and furnished temple is worth a visit.
Macau Wine Museum was inaugurated on the 25th December 1995 and aims at introducing the development of the brewing culture of wine to the visitors. This museum occupies an area of about 1400 square meter and has a collection of over 1115 brands of whines which includes 756 commercial and 359 collection wines and the Martle which was produced in the year 1815 and is the earliest one.
Macau Wine Museum
This museum is divided into mainly three parts which combines the culture, education and amusement into a complete entity. This museum has area of history of wine making, that of wine display and the area of the collection of wines. Each of these sections systematically introduces the brewery, history of the tools and utensils as well as growth of grapes, present to the visitors the traditional and modern tools which are connected to the production of wine.
Among some of the newly brewed wines, this museum offers you more than 50 varieties of wines for tasting and offers you a rare chance for experiencing the famous wine. This museum has another group of exhibits of porcelain bricks which are decorated with the colored drawings which belong to the 18th century. Some of which are original while other are the replicas. The drawings present on the bricks of porcelain concerns to the grape wine and vineyard.
In addition to these, there is a set of mannequins displaying various regional dresses of different regions of Portugal. This museum will bring you in contact with the development in the wine brewery and the economical, social and cultural importance of wine in the tradition of Portuguese tradition, celebration rituals and daily life. This is the unique museum where you can get all the information related to wine and its development from the past to present day. This museum is inside the Macau Tourism Activities Centre.
The Grand Prix Museum, Macau contains the exhibits related to the Grand Prix worldwide which includes videos, photos, illustrated articles, records of champions, cups and some commemorative items. It is located at the Tourism Activities Centre of Rua Luis Gonzaga Gomes. It was built in the memory of 40th anniversary of Grand Prix Racing in Macau in the Year 1933.
Grand Prix Museum
The Macau Grand Prix has history of more than 50 years since 1954. This museum has many items which focus on the competition and is must see destination for all F1 enthusiasts. Having more than twenty formula motorcycles and formula cars which were once driven by world renowned drivers like Michael Schumacher, Eduarfo De Carvalho and David Coulthard are here on exhibition. The racing car which is placed in the centre of the hall is the most eye-catching one. It was once driven by one of the most famous car driver Aryton Senna, who died at 1994 San Marino GP. It is white and red Formula 3 racing car with his racing helmet and racing cloth displayed here.
In addition to these things, there are projection Devices in the museum which will help you to understand the museum and the History of the Grand Prix racing competition in a better way. There are also some breathtaking scenes of GP in Macau as well as some other countries on display. If you are fascinate about the two racing car simulators which enables you experiencing the racing on the challenging track at a very high speed.
This museum was renovated by the Macau Tourism Bureau in order for celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Macau Grand Prix. You can have basic knowledge as well as introduction of some great people who have made good contribution to the Macau Grand Prix and can be found easily in this museum.
Lin Fung Temple along with the two other temples, A-Ma Temple and Kun lam Temple are the three most popular temples of Macau. Lin Fung Temple was built during the Ming Dynasty in the period of 1368 to 1644 and originally known as Tianfei Temple. The current architectural design of the building is the result of many constructions undertaken from the Qing Dynasty.
The whole complex is consisting of a cluster of palaces. Tianhou Palace is the centre of the complex and is dedicated to Kwan-yin. The Palace of Emperor Wu is located to the left and the Renshou Palace or the Palace of Benevolence and Longevity is located in the right of the Tianhou Palace. Shennong Palace, Yiling Palace, Doumu Palace and Juyong Palace are also parts of the complex.
Lin Fung Temple
There is a spacious square in the front of the Lin Fung Temple which is surrounded by stone enclosures. Various ancient tree with thick leaves grow in the square. There is a small garden having pavilions, grass and flower behind the temple. In addition to this, there is a lotus pond in the temple itself. During the summer time, the pond is flourished with fragrant flowers and green leaves. Behind the lotus pond, there is a screen which is decorated with the giant cyprinoids and writhing dragons.
The Temple of Lin Fung is worth visiting because of the Lin Zexu, the national hero and the arrivals of Chinese mandarins. In the year 1839, Lin Xexu stayed in this temple and interviewed the officials of Macau and Portugal. It was this place where he had prohibited the opium trade completely. In commemoration, a stone of Lin Zexu stand there which is about three meters or ten feet in height. The Memorial Hall of Lin Zexu was established in November 1997, next to the Tianhou Palace for praising his nobility and loyalty.
Lin Fung Temple
The Portuguese began settling and trading in the southwest part of the Macau peninsula in the middle of 16th century. As a sub-sequence, Macau developed into an important port in China open to outside world before the 19th century and an important port in Asia.
Having its prosperity in the international trade, it attracted many people for settling here from different countries of the world. These people in turn brought different social customs, cultures and regions to this area and they built houses, streets, fort and churches. This area is the core part of what is now known as Historic Center of Macau.
Historic Centre macau
These People at the same time introduced the culture, religion and social customs to the Chinese people. Macau was the window through which the foreign countries get to know about China. Since then the Macau has become the place where China meets the cultures of the western world.
Macau has been the place where the cultures from East and West exchanges for over 400 years. You can find the best preserved and oldest western style buildings having different architectural styles emerging after the Renaissance from the neo-classical to Baroque. You can also find many western religious buildings exhibiting various features of different religions. The architecture of these buildings absorbed the cultures of China and India and added the characteristics into these buildings. You can also find the murals in the Guia Chapel painted in Chinese styles. The residential buildings and temples make the architectural style of the Historic Center diverse. Till date, the people of this area have their own habits and believe. They also continued to have their own traditions and celebrations which combine the western and Chinese elements and cultures.
You can find much Portuguese non-religious architecture, some Chinese residential, some churches and religious buildings and streets and squares connecting them. There are various buildings, walls, forts, churches and temples. The Historic Center of Macau provides a proof of the exchange of western culture, religious influence and architecture between East and West. Is unique value has made it listed in the World Cultural and Natural Heritage site in the year 2005.