With a long history of more than 600years, the Shanhai is located in Qinhuangdao City, which is nearly 300 km east of Beijing. It is the entrance to sea among the whole Great Wall, whose total length being 26 kilometers, average height 12 meters, width over 10 meters and major sections including Laolongtou Great Wall, Nanyiguancheng Great Wall, Beiyi Great Wall, Jiaoshao Great Wall, Sandaoguan Great Wall and Jiukoumen Great Wall. Among which the Laolongtou Great Wall is the entrance to the sea as it meets the Pacific Ocean at Bohai Sea, and it enjoys the reputation of “the sole of the China”.
The Shanhaiguan Great Wall is know as the “ First Pass under Heaven” that are made up of 7 castles—Guancheng, Dongluocheng, Nanyicheng, Beiyicheng, Weiyuancheng and Nihaicheng, around which are tall, strong and majestic wall with its length 4,769 meters, height 116 meters and thickness 10 meters. Shanhaiguan played an important military role in ancient times. It is the product of the Ming Dynasty policy and the “Tuntian Policy” and its reformation policy at that time has great effect on the consolidation and development of the Shanhaiguan.
There are 6 famous tourist areas in Shanhaiguan: Laolongtou, Temple of Meng Jiang Nü, Jiaoshan Mountain, First Pass under Heaven, Longevity Mountain, and Yansai Lake. Travelers who visit the Shanhaiguan Great Wall do remember to pay a visit to the Laolongtou and the First Pass under Heaven as there as the most popular among all the attractions there. Attractions near the Shangaiguan Great Wall include Beidaihe Scenic Area in Qinhuangdao City, you can also have a visit there if time available.
No one will ever understand the military power of China in ancient times if he or she has never visit the Great Wall at Shanhaiguan. So, just have a travel in the Shanhaiguan Great Wall anytime you like as it scenery varies and shows different beauty all the year round. You will never regret by doing that!