Ancient Yi garden is located in the Nanxiang which is a down in the Jiading District of Shanghai. It is located at a distance of 21 kilometers from the centre of the city. It was built by the Emperor of the Ming Dynasty, Jiajing. It was simply known as the Yi garden but when it was restored it is subsequently renamed.
This garden is the best garden among five other classical gardens of Shanghai. Other four gardens are Autumn Sightseeing Garden or Qiupu Garden, Drunk Pool Garden, Yuyan Garden and Zigzag Water Garden. It is divided mainly into four scenic areas i.e. Flower Fragrance park, Yi garden, Moonlit Bamboo Park and Crane in Stream pond. Ming Style architectures, Green Bamboos, path with Motifs, Tranquil and Poem Streams and Couplet Scrolls are its some of the features.
“Yi” name has been derived from the beautiful view of the bamboo. It is inspired by the poems in books of songs as well as the Odes to Qin which is a kind of musical instrument. Yi also reflects the artistic conception of the green bamboos. The traditional features of this garden are bamboos. In Yi garden Annals, it is recorded that the most beautiful scenery of the garden is the mountain which is covered with the bamboos. Green, graceful and elegant bamboos are present everywhere in the landscape.
Apart from the scenery of the bamboos, The Tranquil Pavillion, Angle Missing Pavilion, Moon Painting Corridor, White Crane pavilion are some of the scenic spots in Ancient Yi Garden. The buildings and Pavilions here are featured virtually in the typical Jianganan residences. All the buildings are constructed around the water which presents the artistic conception of the pavilions which are surrounded by water as well as mountains showing their elegance despite of their number.
The buildings are decorated with the pantiles and tiles and designed with the hollowed out patterns at the roof ridges. The gates, eaves and windows are painted with the elegant colors. All the patterns and designs of the building depict the typical style of Ming Dynasty. on the top of the Bamboo hill, Angle Missing Pavilion is located. It is the patriotic symbolization which was built for recording the anger of the Chinese people during the invasion of the three provinces of the north-east china. Therefore, the pavilion feature three angles the lost angle out of four angles represent the loss of three province of the northeastern china of that time.